Costa Rica is the world’s largest producer of pineapples, with an annual output of 26,853,12 million tons, accounting for 45.1% (905.3 million US dollars) of total pineapple exports. The tropical climate of Costa Rica is very suitable for pineapple growth. Pineapple cultivation covers nearly 111200 acres of land. In the past few years, pineapple production has increased significantly. Pineapple is a nutritious fruit that is a source of vitamin A, vitamin B and vitamin C, as well as various minerals (such as calcium, magnesium, iron, and potassium). Due to its very good taste, it is the most popular fruit in the world. There are many varieties of pineapple, such as Qiu, Queen, Mauritius, Charlotte and so on. Pineapple cultivation requires humid tropical temperatures to grow. It can grow in almost any type of free-draining soil, but soil with a pH range of 5.5 to 6.0 is considered the best soil.
Brazil is the second largest producer of pineapples in the world and the country of origin. The annual output of pineapples in Brazil is approximately 2,483,83 tons. The climate in northern Brazil is considered more suitable for growing pineapples. Nevertheless, pineapples are grown all over the country. The high temperature in Brazil is suitable for producing sweeter pineapples, which are more popular in the world market.
The Philippines is the main producer of pineapples, with an annual output of approximately 2,548,42 million tons, accounting for 11.4% (US$228.4 million) of total pineapple exports. In recent years, the Philippines has been a fast-growing exporter, with its exports increasing by 125.3% from 2012 to 2016.
Thailand (Thailand) has an annual output of about 2.2935 million tons of pineapples, with a total production area of close to 100,000 hectares, distributed in 13 provinces. About 80% of pineapples are processed, while the rest enter the market in the form of fresh fruit. Most pineapple farms in Thailand are located on the west and east coasts of the Gulf of Thailand.
Indonesia (Indonesia) has an annual output of approximately 1.837 million tons of pineapple. In the past few years, Indonesian pineapple production has been increasing steadily. In recent years, the pineapple market has also grown. Pineapple has always been one of Indonesia’s most valuable tropical fruits, followed by mangoes and bananas.
India (India) pineapple production is about 1.571 million tons. Pineapples are mainly grown in Assam, Tripura, Manipur, Meghalaya, West Bengal, Karnataka, Kerala and Goa. The states where pineapple is grown on a small scale include Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar. India also exports pineapple products such as canned food and fruit juice. Indian pineapples are exported to Spain, the UK, Nepal and the UAE.
Nigeria is the largest pineapple producer in Africa, and South Africa is the second largest pineapple producer in Africa. Nigeria’s pineapple production is approximately 1.42 million tons. Pineapple production in Nigeria started in 1961, and the production has increased significantly in the past few decades.
China’s production is about 1,386,63 million tons, which is China’s third most important fruit. The first two are bananas and mangoes. The planting area of pineapple ranges from 52,000 hectares to 65,000 hectares. The main pineapple growing areas in China include Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan and Guangdong Province, and nearly 50% to 60% of pineapples are produced in Guangdong Province. About 80% of Chinese pineapple products enter the domestic market in the form of fresh fruits.
Mexico (Mexico) pineapple production is approximately 771,94 million tons, accounting for 2.1% of total pineapple exports in 2016 (42.6 million US dollars).
Colombia (Colombia) pineapple production is about 643,400 tons, which is one of the world’s leading pineapple producers. The productivity of pineapples in parts of Colombia is very high, with a yield of nearly 130 tons per hectare.